Cordoba is the capital of the Province of Cordoba, Andalusia, southern Spain. Cordoba is located next to the Guadalquivir River at 37.88° North Latitude, 4.77° West Longitude, the city was founded by Claudius Marcellus under the name Corduba in Ancient Roman times. In 2005, the population was 521,164 people. Today, this modestly sized modern city has many architecturally interesting memorial buildings from the days when Córdoba was a thriving capital under the Caliphate of Cordoba which ruled almost the entire Iberian Peninsula. It is estimated that Cordoba, with a population of up to 500,000 people at that time, was the second largest city in the world in the 10th century, after Byzantium.
Place to visit in Cordoba
The Mezquita or Mosque of Córdoba is a cathedral in Spain which was previously a mosque. During the period of Islamic rule in Spain, Córdoba was the capital of Spain under the rule of the Umayyad dynasty. After the Reconquista or Reconquest of Spain by Christians, this building was converted into a church with a Gothic cathedral inserted in the middle of this Moorish architecture building. Now the entire building is used as the cathedral of the diocese of Córdoba in Spain.
The Alcazar de los Reyes Cristianos is a rectangular building which is famous for having thick and strong walls and three towers, namely the Tower of the Lions, the Tower of Allegiance, and the Tower of the River. The carvings on the ceiling of the Tower of the Lions are the best example of typical gothic architecture in Andalusia. The Alcazar in Cordoba contains Roman remains in the form of mosaics and sarcophagi from the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Apart from that, there is also a Moorish bathing place which is currently often used for wedding parties. The palace is surrounded by a beautiful garden called Paseo de los Reyes.
Medina Azahara or in Arabic known as Madinat alZahra which means: ‘shining city’ in Cordoba, Spain. This city palace was built by Caliph Abd AlRahman III in 93
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